Thursday, August 29, 2013

Chris Young's Health Scare

WSMV Channel 4

Breakfast Buzz

WSMV Channel 4

Chris Young New CD...Health Great!

CHRIS YOUNG CELEBRATES LATE NIGHT WITH A.M. Join Chris in the Countdown Nashville, TN – ‘Nothing good happens after midnight’ goes the old adage. But RCA Records singer songwriter Chris Young has a different opinion entirely. “There’s plenty of great stuff that happens after midnight,” says Chris. “People have a good time, fall in love, work through problems and relationships, lots of good things happen after midnight and that’s why we called the album A.M.” Chris recognizes all of those aspects with the September 17 release of his new album, A.M.. The title track, written by Chris with pals Chris DeStefano and Ashley Gorley, celebrates the party side of late night. “A.M. is a big fun ode to, we’re having fun, it’s past midnight and it’s on,” laughed Chris. “I love hanging out with friends, having fun, playing music, and that happens a lot in the wee hours.” “Goodbye,” another song on the album, acknowledges the relationship dynamic that happens in the late night. “In ‘Goodbye,’ the girl shows up at 11:30 pm on her boyfriend’s doorstep in tears that they’re going to break up but he assures her their relationship is worth fighting for, it’s too good to say goodbye,” said Chris. “While we wrote the title track and ‘Goodbye’ in the same day, the songs couldn’t be more opposite in every way but they deal with things that happen late at night,” Chris said. Chris wrote six of the 11 songs on the album including the current single, “Aw Naw,” which is fast climbing the singles charts. Pre-order A.M. here: iTunes: http://smarturl.it/AMitunes; Amazon: http://smarturl.it/A.M.Amazon; Walmart: http://smarturl.it/CYWalmartPre Chris is getting the party started with the Countdown to A.M.. Fans can unlock A.M. confessions from Chris and guess what's inside his cooler for the chance to win weekly prizes and be the first to hear select songs from his upcoming record. One lucky winner will have bragging rights when Chris drops by their late night house party! RSVP at http://countdown.chrisyoungcountry.com/. For all the latest information on Chris Young, visit http://chrisyoungcountry.com/ and follow him on Twitter @ChrisYoungMusic.

Wednesday, August 28, 2013

George Strait Tribute in Nashville

Nashville, TN (August 29, 2013) – Last night, nearly 700 guests were treated to a very special evening honoring George Strait at Nashville’s Schermerhorn Symphony Center. Invited guests were music industry professionals, George’s family and friends, as well as songwriters from all of Strait’s No.1 singles, and all members of every past and present MCA Nashville promotion team. The event, hosted by Lon Helton, publisher of Country Aircheck and host of Country Countdown USA, highlighted George’s long list of tremendous accomplishments and acknowledged a career that is far from over. The celebration opened with recognition of all of Strait’s No.1 hits, including “Give It All We Got Tonight,” the most recent history-making 60th No.1 single, a feat no artist except Strait has come close to achieving. An “in the round” acoustic performance of some of George’s biggest hits followed, performed by Jim Lauderdale, Tim James, Phil O’Donnell and Dean Dillon – songwriters who have been mainstays within Strait’s song catalogue throughout his career. Next in the program were remarks of Strait’s incomparable touring achievements through the years by longtime tour promoter Louis Messina, President of the Messina Group. Messina noted the emotional impact for the Country genre as Strait prepares to embark on the final leg of his record-breaking U.S. tour, The Cowboy Rides Away Tour. Since 1999, as a headline act, George has sold close to five million tickets for a gross of over $300 million, and currently holds attendance records in 19 of the largest arenas/stadiums in the country. In November, Billboard Magazine will honor Strait with their Legend of Live Award at the Billboard Touring Awards in New York City, making him the first-ever country music singer to receive the award. There were two people who were not present but sent messages to pay their respects to King George— a letter from his friend George Bush Sr., as well as a special congratulatory video from Merle Haggard, George’s hero. The big announcement of the night came from Mike Dungan, Chairman and CEO of UMG Nashville, who revealed that George and MCA Nashville are extending their recording contract for five additional albums. “George Strait— the artist, the performer, the personality, the man— simply defines Country music, yesterday, today, and tomorrow,” remarked Dungan. “I can’t tell you what a pleasure and a privilege it is to work with this artist, and what an honor it is to represent the man and the music. We know the best is yet to come.” George has called only MCA Nashville home for 32 years, since he signed on the dotted line back in February of 1981, and created a partnership that would change the course of Country music forever. In his career, Strait has released an outstanding 40 studio albums on MCA Nashville, including his most recent May 2013 release, Love Is Everything. “It seems like yesterday I signed with MCA. I was homeless, so to speak, back then, as far as the music business goes and MCA gave me a home,” said Strait. “I’ll always appreciate that. I still have a home, and I’m looking forward to a whole lot more.” The evening concluded with a performance by George, who played some of his biggest hits: “Troubadour,” “Amarillo By Morning,” and “The Chair” with his Ace In The Hole band. The final song of the night was Strait’s current single “I Believe,” a song he wrote after learning about the tragic shooting in Newtown, CT last December. Joining him on stage were some very special guests— a children’s choir from Eakin Elementary School. The school is a beneficiary of “Keep the Music Playing,” CMA’s music education program which has donated more than $7.6 million and purchased more than 5,000 instruments for Metro Nashville Public Schools since 2006. The song was arranged for the choir by Strait’s longtime producer and friend, Tony Brown, who rehearsed with the children at their school last week. It was an unforgettable night for all, a celebration of the past and anticipation George Strait’s future, which undoubtedly signals that the best is yet to come for Country music’s “Entertainer of a Lifetime.”

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Alan Jackson at The Station Inn Tonight

ALAN JACKSON PLAYS TO PACKED STATION INN Announces Carnegie Hall Show for October 28 NASHVILLE, Tenn. (Aug. 28, 2013) Country music singer-songwriter Alan Jackson played to a full house last night at the stalwart bluegrass venue The Station Inn. The show was broadcast live on 650 WSM AM with Eddie Stubbs as emcee and featured the players from Jackson’s upcoming The Bluegrass Album, set for release September 24. Fans started lining up at 11:00pm Sunday evening in anticipation of reserving a seat for the show that went on sale Monday at 1:00pm. On the heels of last night’s sold-out show it was announced today that Jackson will be bringing his bluegrass to the world famous Carnegie Hall in New York on October 28.

Alan Sells Another House

Just getting out that he finally sold this house in Jupiter Island,Fla..10.45 million...

Carrie & Sunday Night Football

13 NFL PLAYERS STAR IN CARRIE UNDERWOOD’S “WAITING ALL DAY FOR SUNDAY NIGHT” DEBUTING SEPT. 8, ON NBC’S SUNDAY NIGHT FOOTBALL
Opening SNF Theme Includes Peyton Manning, Eli Manning, Aaron Rodgers, Clay Matthews, Andrew Luck, JJ Watt & Terrell Suggs Cast of NBC Stars “Auditioned” for the Role STAMFORD, Conn. – August 27, 2013 – Thirteen NFL players will join six-time Grammy Award-winner and multi-platinum recording artist Carrie Underwood for her performance of “Waiting All Day for Sunday Night,” the opening theme for primetime television’s No. 1 program, Sunday Night Football on NBC. Underwood makes her debut on NBC’s first SNF broadcast of the 2013 NFL season as the Dallas Cowboys host their NFC East rival New York Giants. Coverage begins with Football Night in America at 7 p.m. ET, and the opening theme will continue each week of the season to kick off Sunday Night Football. Thirteen NFL players, who have accounted for 55 Pro Bowl selections, six Super Bowl rings and four Super Bowl MVP trophies, will participate in the open (six, denoted with an asterisk*, took part in a shoot this past June). Following is the complete list: • Arizona Cardinals WR Larry Fitzgerald • New Orleans TE Jimmy Graham • Detroit Lions WR Calvin Johnson • Indianapolis Colts QB Andrew Luck* • New York Giants QB Eli Manning* • Denver Broncos QB Peyton Manning* • Green Bay Packers LB Clay Matthews* • Philadelphia Eagles RB LeSean McCoy • Green Bay Packers QB Aaron Rodgers • Baltimore Ravens LB Terrell Suggs* • Dallas Cowboys DE DeMarcus Ware • Houston Texans DE J.J. Watt* • San Francisco 49ers LB Patrick Willis “Waiting All Day for Sunday Night” is set to the original Joan Jett song, “I Hate Myself for Loving You” and marks Underwood’s first production with NBC Sports. From 2007-2012, the song was performed by music superstar Faith Hill and in 2006, the inaugural season of Sunday Night Football, Pink performed the open. Earlier this summer, NBC held “open auditions” to find the new voice for the Sunday Night Football theme song. See what happens when stars like Heidi Klum, Howie Mandel, Joan Rivers, Matt Lauer, Savannah Guthrie, Al Roker, Natalie Morales, Jillian Michaels, Billy Bush, Ken Jeong, Mika Brzezinski, Joe Scarborough, Yvette Nicole Brown and Craig T. Nelson take their best shot by clicking here. Later in this fall, Underwood will star in “The Sound of Music” on NBC in the coveted role of Maria Von Trapp. The three-hour live holiday production airing December 5 will be based on the original 1959 Broadway production of “The Sound of Music,” which won the Tony Award as best musical. Since winning American Idol (season four) and releasing her debut album in 2005, Underwood has sold over 15 million albums, and placed 18 No. 1 singles on the charts, nine of which she co-wrote. Her recent album, Blown Away, made history by debuting at No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Country Albums Chart, making Underwood only the second country artist in the 47-year history of the chart to have each of their first four albums debut at No. 1. The now platinum-selling Blown Away album also debuted at No. 1 on the all-genre Billboard 200 chart, making Underwood only the second country artist in history to have three consecutive albums debut at No. 1. She is a six-time Grammy winner, a two-time Academy of Country Music Entertainer of the Year, a three-time Country Music Association and ACM Female Vocalist winner, and a proud member of the Grand Ole Opry. SNF NO. 1 PRIMETIME PROGRAM ON TELEVISION FOR 2 YEARS RUNNING: For the second straight primetime television season in 2012-13, Sunday Night Football ranked as the most-watched (persons 2+) show, and the No. 1 program across the key demographics of Adults 18-49, 18-34, 25-54, as well as Men 18-49, 18-34 and 25-54, based on Nielsen live + same day data. Additionally, SNF was the No. 2 show among Women 18-34, and Women 18-49 based on Nielsen live + same day data. 2013 SUNDAY NIGHT FOOTBALL SCHEDULE Thurs. Sept. 5 NFL Kickoff Baltimore Ravens at Denver Broncos Sun. Sept. 8 Week 1 New York Giants at Dallas Cowboys Sun. Sept. 15 Week 2 San Francisco 49ers at Seattle Seahawks Sun. Sept. 22 Week 3 Chicago Bears at Pittsburgh Steelers Sun. Sept. 29 Week 4 New England Patriots at Atlanta Falcons Sun. Oct. 6 Week 5 Houston Texans at San Francisco 49ers Sun. Oct. 13 Week 6 Washington Redskins at Dallas Cowboys Sun. Oct. 20 Week 7 Denver Broncos at Indianapolis Colts Sun. Oct. 27 Week 8 Green Bay Packers at Minnesota Vikings Sun. Nov. 3 Week 9 Indianapolis Colts at Houston Texans Sun. Nov. 10 Week 10 Dallas Cowboys at New Orleans Saints *Sun. Nov. 17 Week 11 Green Bay Packers at New York Giants *Sun. Nov. 24 Week 12 Denver Broncos at New England Patriots **Thurs. Nov. 28 Week 13 Pittsburgh Steelers at Baltimore Ravens *Sun. Dec. 1 Week 13 New York Giants at Washington Redskins *Sun. Dec. 8 Week 14 Atlanta Falcons at Green Bay Packers *Sun. Dec. 15 Week 15 Cincinnati Bengals at Pittsburgh Steelers *Sun. Dec. 22 Week 16 New England Patriots at Baltimore Ravens *Sun. Dec. 29 Week 17 TBA *Flex Week ** Thanksgiving Night Game

Taylor Taylor and the Band

Carrie Underwood is a Swinger

Saturday, August 24, 2013

Chesney's Fans Party in Foxboro,Mass





Kenny Chesney Closes Out No Shoes Nation 2013-- 109,207 Fans Rocked in Boston for 1.25 Million Fans Played To Foxboro, MA: With an a cappella “Whatever makes you feel like a rock star” and one crashing downbeat, Kenny Chesney’s second night at Gillette Stadium and final No Shoes Nation show took off like a bobsled, slamming through four songs including the gold certified “Pirate Flag” before he took a breath. Both nights, the crowd of 109,207 was on its feet, singing along with the 8-time Entertainer of the Year’s two hour-plus set. “There’s energy, and then there’s energy,” an exhausted Chesney said, coming offstage the second night. “The fans in Boston have always been very, very special to us. These were our 10th and 11th shows at Gillette; every year, it just gets more intense.” To celebrate the milestone, the Kraft family had a Super Bowl-style banner hung permanently near an end zone to commemorate the naming of the No Shoes Nation in 2012. The blue and white vertical flag rippled in the wind as Chesney and his band blazed through a 27 song set that included guest appearances from tourmates Kasey Musgraves on “Come Over,” the Eli Young Band on “Take It Easy” and Eric Church for the current single “When I See The Bar,” which the Luttrell, Tennessean told the crowd, “There’s a radio version but we’re going to do the album version” and dedicated the final verse to his many friends who shared his coming of age in the Virgin Islands. “It’s an incredible life,” Chesney says. “Looking over and seeing all those faces, it was like ‘When I See This Bar’ was happening right there on stage right... and having Eric sing it with me, a guy who knows what it means to punch it out in a little dive bar with nobody there, well, that’s everything that song is! And everybody’s been there.” Being the end of tour, there were several “guests” of unlikely origin. NoShoesRadio.com’s Mark Tamburino free-rapped “Blister in the Sun,” while production steward Robin Majors blew some tasty harp on the set closing “She Thinks My Tractor’s Sexy.” Beyond a spot-on cover of “The Fireman,” Chesney evoked early U2 overtones on the outro of “Come Over” and the Dave Matthews Band on his reggae-tinged “Everybody Wants To Go To Heaven.” But it was the hushed “Happy On the Hey Now,” considered to be the emotional center of Life On A Rock, Chesney’s 7th #1 Billboard Top 200 Albums debut, that brought almost 55,000 fans to a hush. Never played in concert, it was a starkly acoustic debut for the song written about living in the moment, the sudden loss of a dear friend and the preciousness of what is shared with friends. “I was a little nervous about doing a song so quiet and so personal in a venue that big,” Chesney said. “But so many of the people who were part of that song were there... I knew those fans were just as much a part of my life, and I wasn’t going to see them again until 2015... and I wanted something to bind us all together. It was a risk, and when I saw all the lighters and cell phones with flames aloft, I knew it was the right decision.”

Friday, August 23, 2013

MARTINA POSTS VINE FROM STUDIO

John Fogerty Joins Brad Paisley at Mountainview near San Jose


NASHVILLE, Tenn. (Aug. 23, 2013) Last night at the Shoreline Amphitheater in Mountain View, CA Brad Paisley surprised the audience of over 16,000 by inviting John Fogerty to join him on stage for their recent collaboration “Hot Rod Heart,” which is on Fogerty’s Wrote a Song for Everyone album. During the encore Paisley invited Fogerty back on stage and they played Fogerty’s 1985 hit single “Centerfield,” “Alcohol” and a rousing rendition of “Proud Mary.”

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

Back on the Road

CHRIS YOUNG RELEASED FROM HOSPITAL READIES TO HIT THE ROAD THIS WEEK STARTING AUGUST 22 IN MOUNTAIN VIEW, CA NASHVILLE, TN – Singer-songwriter Chris Young returned home to Nashville this past weekend after being admitted last week to Presbyterian/St. Luke’s Medical Center in Denver for a dangerous bacterial infection as a result of a small cut on his leg. Chris was en route to a tour date in Montana on Tuesday, August 13th when he began to go into septic shock and was taken by ambulance to the Denver, Colorado hospital. The medical team, consisting of Dr. Anthony Canfield, Dr. Wendy Gill, and Dr. Janet Suarez, responded quickly and immediately started Young on medications to stop the infection from spreading. In addition, an emergency surgery was scheduled for shortly after midnight on August 14th where they removed the infection from Chris’s leg. Chris is now home under his physician's care and expected to make a full recovery. As expected, his mobility is currently impacted by the surgery and his doctor has advised he wait a full week post-surgery to resume touring, and will return to the road starting with Brad Paisley’s “Beat This Summer Tour Presented By Cracker Barrel Old Country Store” on Thursday, August 22 in Mountain View, CA. His show in Redding, CA will be rescheduled to September 8. “I want to thank all of my fans for their thoughts and prayers,” said Chris. “I received amazing care from Dr. Suarez, Dr. Gill and Dr. Canfield and all the I.C.U. nurses who literally saved my life,” he continued. “I’m happy to be home and can’t wait to get back out on the road.” Chris continues to share progress updates with his fans on Twitter @ChrisYoungMusic. His new single, “Aw Naw” is quickly climbing the country singles charts and is the first single from his forthcoming album, A.M. which will be released Sept. 17 on RCA Records Nashville.

BRAD PAISLEY CELEBRATES 22nd #1 SINGLE

(l-r): Luke Laird, Brad Paisley, Chris DuBois Photo By: Frederick Breedon Nashville, Tenn., August 21, 2013: ASCAP, BMI and the CMA celebrated Brad Paisley's 22nd #1 single, "Beat This Summer," at a lunchtime party at the CMA offices on Music Row on Tuesday, August 20th. The song, co-written by Chris DuBois and Luke Laird, marked Paisley's 19th chart-topper as a songwriter and the 14th for both DuBois and Laird. The CMA offices were packed with friends celebrating with the songwriters and also on-hand to congratulate the group were publishers Sea Gayle Music, Universal Music Publishing and Creative Nation Music, as well as label Arista Nashville. "Beat This Summer" became the first #1 song for independent publishing company Creative Nation, founded by Laird and his wife Beth Laird.

Brad Paisley's Number One Party

WSMV Channel 4

Monday, August 19, 2013

Shania Looks Happy!

DIXIE CHICKS LONG TIME GONE TOUR 2013

Live Nation is thrilled to announce the triumphant return of the multi-platinum selling Dixie Chicks with their Long Time Gone Tour 2013 through select markets in Canada. This follows the incredibly warm reception from Canadian fans at this summer’s Craven Country Jamboree, Cavendish Beach Music Festival, and RBC Royal Bank Bluesfest, and marks the first full tour for the Dixie Chicks through Canada in 7 years. “We had such a great time playing for our Canadian fans this summer that we've been inspired to come back for more," say the band. The Dixie Chicks are Martie Maguire (fiddle, mandolin, vocals), Emily Robison (banjo, dobro, guitar, vocals), and Natalie Maines (lead vocals, guitar). Originally formed in 1989 in Dallas, Texas as a bluegrass band that included founding members and sisters Maguire and Robison, the band went on to find massive worldwide success following the addition of powerhouse lead singer Natalie Maines. Together as the Dixie Chicks, they have sold over 30 million albums, 1.6 million in Canada alone, and are one of the few acts to have multiple albums reaching “diamond” status. To date, they have won 13 Grammy Awards, including Album of the Year for their 2007 album Taking the Long Way. Their on-stage reputation has helped them sell over $100 million worth of concert tickets, and made them the biggest selling female band of all time in the US. In addition to the Dixie Chicks, all 3 members have had continued success with other music projects, Maguire and Robinson with the Court Yard Hounds, and Maines with the recent 2013 release of her debut solo album. “The Dixie Chicks are among the greatest talents in music today“, says Paul Haagenson, President of Live Nation, Canada. “We are truly honored to be involved in welcoming them back to Canada on this tour.” Tickets for the Long Time Gone Tour 2013 go on sale to the general public on August 26th, and are available at Livenation.com. Tour dates: October 26, 2013 – Vancouver, BC – Pepsi Live at Rogers Arena October 29, 2013 – Dawson Creek, BC – EnCana Events Centre October 31, 2013 – Calgary, AB – Scotiabank Saddledome November 1, 2013 – Edmonton, AB – Rexall Place November 3, 2013 – Saskatoon, SK – Credit Union Centre November 5, 2013 – Winnipeg, MB – MTS Centre November 8, 2013 – Oshawa, ON – General Motors Centre November 9, 2013 – Hamilton, ON – Copps Coliseum November 10, 2013 – London, ON – Budweiser Gardens About Live Nation Entertainment: Live Nation Entertainment (NYSE: LYV) is the world’s leading live entertainment company comprised of four market leaders: Ticketmaster, Live Nation Concerts, Artist Nation Management and Live Nation Media/Sponsorship. For additional information, visit www.livenation.com/investors.

My Pretty Backyard Visitor

The Red Headed Woodpecker These birds fly to catch insects in the air or on the ground, forage on trees or gather and store nuts. They are omnivorous, eating insects, seeds, fruits, berries, nuts, and occasionally even the eggs of other birds.[4] About two thirds of their diet is made up of plants.[4] They nest in a cavity in a dead tree, utility pole, or a dead part of a tree that is between 8 and 80 feet (2.5 to 25 m) above the ground.[4] They lay four to seven eggs in early May which are incubated for two weeks.[4] Two broods can be raised in a single nesting season.[4] Northern birds migrate to the southern parts of the range, with most having arrived on the breeding range by late April, and having left for winter quarters by late October;[9][10] southern birds are often permanent residents. The Red-headed Woodpecker is a once common but declining bird species found in southern Canada and east-central United States. Consistent long-term population declines have resulted in Red-headed Woodpecker’s threatened status in Canada and several states in the US. This has led to an immediate need for conservation, which, so far, has been the focus of limited studies. Throughout most of its range it inhabits areas that have been heavily altered by humans. Factors suggested for Red-headed Woodpecker declines include: loss of overall habitat and, within habitats, standing dead wood required for nest sites,[11] limitations of food supply,[12] and possible nest-site competition with other cavity nesters such as European Starlings or Red-bellied Woodpeckers.[13][14] Unfortunately few of these factors have been substantiated. Of the 600 Canadian Important Bird Areas only seven report the Red-headed Woodpecker in their area: Cabot Head, Ontario on the Georgian Bay side of the tip of Bruce Peninsula; Carden Plain, Ontario east of Lake Simcoe; Long Point Peninsula and Marshes, Ontario along Lake Erie near London, Ontario; Point Abino, Ontario on Lake Erie near Niagara Falls; Port Franks Forested Dunes, Ontario northeast of Sarnia on Lake Huron; Kinosota/Leifur, Manitoba at the northwest side of Lake Manitoba south of the Narrows and east of Riding Mountain National Park; and along South Saskatchewan River from Empress, Alberta to Lancer Ferry in Saskatchewan.[15]

Saturday, August 17, 2013

Proud as a Peacock

I've seen it on the NBC logo..seen a lot of peacocks...never seen one do this..spray those feathers out...oh yeah: peacocks fan out their feathers as part of a courtship ritual to attact a mate.I took all these recent animal pictures at the Olympic Animal Farm near Sequim,Washington not far from Seattle The male (peacock) Indian Peafowl has iridescent blue-green or green colored plumage. The peacock tail ("train") is not the tail quill feathers but the highly elongated upper tail covert feathers. The "eyes" are best seen when the peacock fans its tail. Like a cupped hand behind the ear, the erect tail-fan of the male helps direct sound to the ears.[citation needed] Both species have a crest atop the head. The female (peahen) Indian Peafowl has a mixture of dull green, brown, and grey in her plumage. Although she lacks the long upper tail coverts of the male, she has a crest. The female also displays her plumage to ward off female competition or signal danger to her young.

Friday, August 16, 2013

Waterfalls inside Yellowstone...

Kepler Cascades is located about two miles south of Old Faithful Village. The cascades are viewable from a roadside pullout. This three-tiered cascade drops over 50 feet as the Firehole River flows North. The Kepler Cascades were actually named in 1881 for the 12 year old son of Wyoming’s territorial governor, Kepler Hoyt, who toured the park with his father, Governor John Hoyt. now on to Lewis Falls... Located roughly 11 miles inside Yellowstone’s south entrance, and two miles south of Lewis Lake, Lewis falls is easily accessible from parking lots on each side of the Lewis River bridge. The falls are about 30 feet in height. Lewis Falls Trail Rehabilitation Located 10 miles north of Yellowstone’s South Entrance, the Lewis Falls Trail is an easily accessible path which leads to a dramatic overlook of the Lewis River Falls. Last year, more than 700,000 visitors passed through the South Entrance gates and many of these visitors stopped to walk the Lewis Falls Trail, picnic near the falls, or fish in the river. The trail is also very near to the popular Lewis Lake campground where more than 15,000 campers stay and recreate each summer.